From short-term memory the information that we focus on and manipulate can be transferred to long-term memory where it is stored permanently in a vast network of knowledge apparently unlimited in size. Encoding is a process that happens in short-term memory where we are taking the essence or meaning of the stimulus that comes from the sensory register and dealing with that rather than with the physical form of the stimulus. Thus, factors found to influence the learning of one piece of information (e.g., overlearning positively affects the learning of telephone numbers) may be applied to other tasks in that domain (e.g., the learning of names), but not to the tasks in other domains (e.g., the learning of a new concept). IntroductionInstructional events refer to actions of both teacher and learners during the teaching session. Different instruction is required for different learning outcomes. He is generally regarded as the "father" of instructional design.
Present stimulus - give definition of equilateral triangle 5. As part of his theory Gagne built upon the information processing model by considering what must happen externally to the learner to facilitate this internal processing of information that goes on during learning. Calculating how many miles per galleon a car got; determining how much change a customer gets from a $8.25 purchase when he gave you a $10 bill; determining the impact of a 5% increase in mortgage rates on home ownership Defined Concepts Grouping objects based on a classifying rule. That is, what can a teacher do to facilitate a student learning new content based on the information processing model of learning. ConclusionsGagne's theories provide a great deal of valuable information to teachers. 3rd edition. We use Gagne's “events of instruction” to design a lesson plan for this subject. The following example illustrates a teaching sequence corresponding to the nine instructional events for the objective, Recognize. For instance, rehearsal and encoding are examples of learning processes that happen within short-term memory.
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